# (Tutorial) Minimum amount needed to buy stocks?

November 13, 2007

What is the minimum amount needed to invest in the stock market?

Trading stocks is done though board lot or round lot system, which means there is a minimum number of shares one can buy or sell at a specific price range.

Therefore, the minimum amount needed to invest in the stock market varies and will depend on the market price of the stock as well as its corresponding board lot. The board lot differs as the price of stocks move through a scale of minimum fluctuations.

PSE Board Lot Table

The Philippine Stock Exchange uses the following Board Lot Table.

Update: The PSE now uses a new board lot table. See here: New PSE Trading Rules

Price Minimum Fluctuations Board Lot
0.001 - 0.0024 0.0002 1,000,000
0.0026 - 0.0050 0.0002 1,000,000
0.0055 - 0.0100 0.0005 1,000,000
0.0110 - 0.0250 0.001 100,000
0.0260 - 0.0500 0.001 100,000
0.0525 - 0.1000 0.0025 100,000
0.105 - 0.2500 0.005 10,000
0.2600 - 0.5000 0.01 10,000
0.5100 - 1.000 0.01 10,000
1.020 - 2.500 0.02 1,000
2.550 - 5.000 0.05 1,000
5.10 - 10.00 0.10 1,000
10.25 - 25.00 0.25 100
25.50 - 50.00 0.50 100
50.50 - 100.00 0.50 100
101.00 - 250.00 1.00 10
252.50 - 500.00 2.50 10
505.00 - up 5.00 10

The Minimum Fluctuations column show the minimum increments that a stock price can change.

Let’s use, for example, PLDT (Stock Code: TEL)’s closing price in November 9 which is P2,995. This price can move a minimum of P5 according to the Board Lot Table. That means TEL can, at a minimum, increase to P3,000 or decrease to P2,990. Its price cannot change to P2,998 or P2,992.50.

The Board Lot column shows the minimum number of shares a stock in a particular price range can be traded.

Example of Prices using Board Lot Table

For example, Philex Mining Corporation (Stock Code: PX) closed in November 9 at P11.25. Its price falls under the “10.25 – 25.00″ range. Its minimum board lot, then, is 100, which means anyone who wants to buy or sell PX should trade a minimum of 100 shares.

If the price of PX drops to, say, P9.25, it now falls under the “5.10 – 10.00″ range, which means the minimum number of shares to be traded becomes 1,000.

What are “Odd Lots”?

There are cases when a company issues stock dividends rather than cash dividends. Stock dividends increase the number of a stocks owned by a shareholder.

Say Ayala Corporation (Stock Code: AC) decided to issue a 5% stock dividend. If you currently own 500 shares of AC, you will get an additional 5% of your stock holdings, that is, an additional 25 shares for a total of 525 shares.

The minimum board lot for AC (with Nov. 9 closing price of P590) is 10 shares. You can thus sell 520 shares of AC in a normal transaction, but the remaining 5 shares will be considered an odd lot.

An “odd lot,” by definition, is an amount of a security that is less than the normal unit of trading for that particular security. It is also called broken lot or uneven lot. You can still sell odd lots but you might need to pay a higher commission rate compared to round-lot trades or it might be sold at a relatively lower price than the current market price.

Other references:

Note: This is the sixth of several parts of Pinoy Money Talk’s primer on stock trading and investing, with a focus on investing in the Philippine stock market.

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• Lee

http://www.clixsense.com/?3842126

• Maricel t. Gatchalian

hi pls help me on how to start on investing in stock market….plsreply thanks.maricel t. gatchalian.

• R-Yell

just wanna share..i am a newbie in this business like 1 week and now just sold 3 different stocks. may 1000 php na ako. im investing in the Indonesia’s Stock Exchange.