Rent Control Law in the Philippines (2009)

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On July 14, 2009, President Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo signed into law the Rent Control Act of 2009 supposedly meant to protect millions of Filipinos renting houses.

Republic Act (RA) 9653, “An Act Establishing Reforms in the Regulation of Rent of Certain Residential Units, Providing the Mechanisms Therefore and For Other Purposes,” effectively extended the old Rent Control law (RA 9341) that expired on December 31, 2008.

Here is a summary of the important provisions of this new law.

Salient Provisions of the new Rent Control Act

  • 1. The law covers all residential units in Metro Manila with rent of one peso (P1.00) to ten thousand pesos (P10,000) per month and all units in other urban cities with rent of P1 to P5,000 per month.
  • 2. Rented units which are used as motels, motel rooms, hotels and hotel rooms are not covered. Units under the rent-to-own scheme are also not covered.
  • 3. There is a one-year moratorium on rent increases from the time the law takes effect, meaning, from 2009 until 2010, there should be no increases in the rent prices of affected units.
  • 4. From 2010 until December 31, 2013, the increase in rent should not be more than 7% percent annually.
  • 5. Boarding houses, dormitories, rooms and bedspaces offered for rent to students can only increase their rents once a year.
  • 6. Owners of residential units cannot demand more than one-month advance rent and more than two-months deposit.
  • 7. Violators face a fine of P25,000 to P50,000, or imprisonment of one month and a day up to six months, or both.

Although the law is commendable, we believe its effectiveness may be hampered because of three things:

First, tenants must be made aware that such a law exists so that they will know their rights.

Second, tenants who may have complaints about their landlors must know the proper avenue where they can air their grievance.

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Lastly, complaints must be dealt with swiftly and properly so that justice will be served for both the landlord and tenant.

We hope the law will really benefit millions of Filipino families still renting houses.

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  • franz eiram fabie

    tanung ko lng po, is it necessary na ung ini-issue dpat nun landlord na resibo sa mga tenants nya is BIR accredited or may TIN dpat? Since may kontrata syang pinapapirmahan sa mga tenant nya which is also notarized by attorney, pede ba na ung iissue nyang resibo is ung nabibili lang sa recto? And d ba dpat may fire exit ung apartment? Panu kung walang fire exit?

    • Atty. Dy

      oo franz dpat may resibo with stamp BIR ,at fire exit depending on what type building it is. But its better n mag look k n lng ng place mo n the landlord is providing all your needs. Recibo de BIR and fire exit.beyond that magagiging magulo abala at magastos para s yo kung ipipilit mo ito s kasalukuyang kinatatayuan mo…

    • Prince

      I have a question atty. i have been staying in the apartment for more than years. The lessor wanted to increase are rental fee from 10,000 to 12,000 monthly. Is it right for the lessor to have 20 percent increase for our rental? What if the lessor insisted? How much increase should it be?

  • franz eiram fabie

    ngbara lang ung lababo, namintang na na sinisira ung apartment nya? ngpabarangay pa, eto malala ipapahold daw nya ung pinsan ko paalis ng bansa… pede ba nyang gawin un???

    • Atty. Dy

      1st of all franz ikaw mismo ung gumagamit ng facility, and ikaw lng ang pwedeng mkasira dyan s apartment..the owner itself does nt know how u care/ maintained it.kung nag kabara ung pvc line its your faults.kalat mo ung nag stuck dun.. 2nd..but sana nag try ka nalang bumili ng liquid SOSA very effective ung, s bara…and un hot water pour it s main pvc line solve n problem mo…

  • jay

    hi atty. ask ko lng po.nagreserve po kmi ng 3 friends ko ng isang room. pero before pa po kmi naka move in, may nkita po kming mas maayos na place. so rinequest po nmin kung pede pong marefund yung reservation fee nmin. sinagot lng po kmi na, at saka na daw pag may nagrent na para daw fair. . . so we bargained and sabi nmin, magsestay na lng kmi ng 1 month to consume yung reservation fee na ibinayad nmin. ayaw nya rin kcdapat daw po bayad talaga ng 1 month adv and 2 months deposit. plsadvise …salamat

  • Jessica Jones Daluz

    Hello po Atty,am about to leave sa condo na tinitirhan q at lumipat nalang sa cavite.Kaso am worried about may balance.May balance pa po aqNakaissue na po aq ng postdated checks.pwede po ba aqng moveout na dala ung gamit q?O ihohold po ba nila ung gamit q?Am actually hoping na okay na ung checks.

  • alice silvestre

    Hello po . . . Confirm ko lang po if magrerent ka ng bahay at naglapse na ang 1-yr contract at nagsabi ang may-ari na magrerenew ng kontrata magtataas ng renta ng P500.00 at gusto nya pati ang rentang 1month advance & 2 months deposit at advance namin pati sa ilaw at tubig ay gusto nyang itaas din . . . Tama po ba eto?

  • anthonnet quirante

    magandang araw po. nagpaparenta po kmi ng commercial property, 3 units lang naman po. yung isang tennant po namin hinihingan po kami ng official receipt. nasa batas po ba na kailangan namin mag issue ng official receipt, ang renta lang naman po nila ay 12k/mos.? isang floor lang po yon na hinati sa 3 units.

  • mavic isidro

    hello po! nagrerent po ako ng apartment since march 17 2015 up to present and gusto ko na po sana lumipat sabi po ng meari 1 yr contract daw po dto yun 1 mo dep and 2 mo advance at pag d daw po natapos un contract porfeited daw po un 2mon advance ..problem is matagal ko na pong hinihingi yung contract until now wala pa po so i guess pwede ko po gamitin na lang yun advance ko kasi wala naman po akong napirmahang contract, is it possible>? ayaw naman po pumayag ng meari nakalimutan lang daw po nya yung contract ..and its been 3months..Nasa batas po din ba yun kagustuhan nya? aside po dun wala din pong tin number or kung anuman yung recibo nya monthly..

  • Redentor Alumpihit

    Magandang umaga po. Ako po ay nagpaparenta ng isang single-detached house sa las Pinas City and currently may nangungupahan pong isang pamilya. Most recently, nagrequest po ang pamilya na aalis na daw po sa nasabing lugar. Madami at iba’t-ibang reasons po ang binigay and ung most aggravating is dahil daw po na madaming ipis at garapata sa paupahang bahay at nagpamedical check up po sila kasi ung mga bata daw po ay puro kagat ng insekto. Wala po kaming alagang hayop prior sa pagpapaupa namin sa nasabing lugar plus more than 10 years po kami nakatira doon at hindi nagkaroon ng episode ang mga bata na nagkaroon ng madaming pantal at sugat. Pinipilit nilang kunin ang 2 months security deposit at kailan lang nalaman namin na meron na silang bayarin sa Meralco, PLDT, Maynilad at cable provider na umaabot na sa P40,000. Earlier today, inalerto kami ng kapitbahay namin na nagaalis na sila ng mga gamit sa bahay. Nagpulong na kami sa baranggay maka-ilang linggo na nakakaraan.Iminungkahi ko na ipapafumigate at pest control namin ang lugar to avoid ang ganung incident pero tumanggi sila and they insisted on breaking the terms of the contract. Kilala po kami sa area namin na malinis at maayos ang pamamahay kaya it was a surprised na ganun ang allegations. It was agreed they will leave on Sept 5 para magamit nila ung advance payment nila. Napagkasunduan na a week before they vacate the premise eh ichecheck namin ang vicinity for damages. Ngayon unti-unit pala ay nilalabas na nila ang mga gamit nila. Is this something we can bring to the court? I’m afraid iiwanan nila kami ng maduming vicinity at patong-patong na bayarin. I would like to know if we can ask any authority/court to make sure they have settled their obligations and will leave the vicinity kung paano nila dinatnan. Thank you po sa mga comments