A(H1N1) SWINE FLU symptoms, prevention, treatment



What you need to know about the Swine Flu or the Human Swine Influenza A (H1N1) virus that has hit Mexico, the United States, Canada, and other parts of the world.
What is Swine Flu?
Swine Influenza or swine flu is a type of respiratory disease in pigs caused by type A influenza virus that regularly causes outbreaks of influenza in pigs. The disease is normally not passed on to people but human infections can and do happen. A few cases of swine flu viruses have been reported to spread from person to person but in the past, transmission was only limited and not sustained beyond three people.
What were previous incidences of human swine flu infections?
In 1988, an outbreak of swine flu infection in pigs in Wisconsin, USA resulted in multiple human infections. Although no community outbreak resulted, the virus was transmitted to a few people including the health care workers who had close contact with the patient. The Center for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) in the US also reports approximately one human swine flu virus infection every one to two years but from December 2005 to February 2009, 12 cases of human infection have been reported.

What are the Signs and Symptoms of swine flu in humans?
The symptoms are similar to the symptoms of regular human flu and include fever (temperature above 38 degrees Celsius or 100.4 degrees Fahrenheit), cough, sore throat, body aches, headache, chills, aching joints, nasal congestion and fatigue. Some people with swine flu also have reported diarrhea and vomiting. Like seasonal flu, swine flu may cause a worsening of underlying chronic medical conditions.
How does swine flu spread?
The swine flu virus can be directly transmitted from pigs to people and from people to pigs. Human infection are most likely to occur when people are in close proximity to infected pigs such as in pig barns (babuyan). Human-to-human transmission is thought to occur in the same way as seasonal flu, which is mainly through uncovered coughs and sneezes or by touching your mouth or nose with unwashed hands.
How can a person get infected by the swine flu virus?

A person can get infected if he/she touches something contaminated with the virus and then touches the eyes, mouth or nose. The virus can live on surfaces for several hours, like a doorknob just touched by someone who sneezed into his hand. Germs also spread in the air through droplets from a cough or sneeze of an infected person.
Can people catch swine flu by eating pigs or pork?
According to scientists and doctors, the swine influenza virus is NOT transmitted by food. Eating properly handled and well-cooked pork and pork products is safe. Cooking pork at a temperature of 160°F kills the swine flu virus as it does other bacteria and viruses.
How to protect or prevent oneself from getting infected?
There is currently no vaccine available yet to protect against swine flu. For now, these steps can help protect your health:

  • Cover your nose and mouth with a tissue when you cough or sneeze. Throw the tissue in the trash after you use it.
  • Wash your hands often with soap and water, especially after you cough or sneeze. Alcohol-based hand cleaners are also effective.
  • Avoid touching your eyes, nose or mouth because germs spread this way.
  • Stay in good general health. Get plenty of sleep, be physically active, manage your stress, drink plenty of fluids, and eat nutritious food.
  • Try to avoid close contact with sick people.
  • If you get sick with influenza, stay home and limit contact with others to keep from infecting them.

Are there medicines to treat swine flu?
The Center for Diease Control recommends oseltamivir or zanamivir for the treatment and prevention of swine flu. These antiviral drugs are prescription medicines that fight against flu by keeping the virus from reproducing in the body. Specifically, these flu drugs are Tamiflu by Roche and Relenza by GlaxoSmithKline.
What should be done if a person is showing swine flu symptoms?
Stay home and avoid contact with other people as much as possible to keep from spreading your illness to others.  If you become ill and experience any of the following warning signs, seek medical care as soon as possible.
In children emergency warning signs that need urgent medical attention include:

  • Fast breathing or trouble breathing
  • Bluish skin color
  • Not drinking enough fluids
  • Not waking up or not interacting
  • Being so irritable that the child does not want to be held
  • Flu-like symptoms improve but then return with fever and worse cough
  • Fever with a rash

In adults, emergency warning signs include:

  • Difficulty breathing or shortness of breath
  • Pain or pressure in the chest or abdomen
  • Sudden dizziness
  • Confusion
  • Severe or persistent vomiting

Source: US Center for Disease Control and Prevention (www.cdc.gov)

About the Author

PSEi support seen at 6,200 and 6,000 amid weaker Peso

In a not-so-surprising move, the U.S. Federal Reserve (Fed) yesterday raised interest rates by 75 basis points (bps) or 0.75% in a bid to tame rising inflation in the United States. This was the third consecutive 0.75% rate hike by the Fed, which brings the federal funds rate, the central bank’s benchmark interest rate, to ... Read more
blank

Official SWIFT Code of BDO, BPI, Metrobank, Philippine banks

When sending cash remittances or wire transfer to a bank account in the Philippines (such as BDO, BPI, Metrobank, Landbank, DBP, etc.), you’ll surely need the SWIFT Code of the bank. Look no further because you can find all the SWIFT Codes you need in this list! Make sure you’re using the right bank code ... Read more
blank

How to Waive your Credit Card Annual Fee (BDO, BPI, Metrobank, RCBC, Citibank, UnionBank)

Without a doubt, one of the most annoying fees that credit cardholders have to pay is the annual fee. Majority of cardholders are familiar with this fee and majority of us likely pay this grudgingly year after year after year. In the case of my credit card with BPI (Bank of the Philippine Islands), I’m ... Read more
blank

Why Filipinos do not become business owners or entrepreneurs

For a majority of Filipinos, entrepreneurship does not seem to be a typical, expected path. This is not surprising, considering that in school, students are primarily taught to become employees after graduation. Students train for years to become staff workers, reporting to a supervisor, and just waiting to receive their wages or salaries every month. ... Read more
blank

My experience investing in Mutual Funds in the Philippines

I started investing in mutual funds when I was 22 years old. As an Overseas Filipino Worker (OFW) then, I was fortunate to be able to save some money at that young age because of my work abroad. One time while I was on vacation in the Philippines, I saw a large billboard in EDSA ... Read more
blank

Income Tax Tables in the Philippines (2022)

The Philippines’ new tax reform bill, known as TRAIN or Tax Reform for Acceleration and Inclusion, was signed into law on December 19, 2017 and its implementation began on January 1, 2018. What are the new income tax rates under the TRAIN law? How will TRAIN affect income taxes of individuals and corporations? How is the ... Read more
blank

PSE Stocks Performance under each Philippine President (1987-2021)

Did you know that Philippine stocks were able to achieve an astounding growth of 800% in a span of 30 years? From 1987 until 2018, the Philippine Stock Exchange index (PSEi) rose from 1,000 points to a peak of 9,000 points — generating a return of 800% over 30 years. (The PSEi is an index ... Read more
blank

SSL 2022: Salary Increases for Teachers, Nurses, Gov’t Employees

Good news to all government employees! There’s a new round of salary increases beginning January 1, 2022! Millions of employees of the Philippine government — including public school teachers, nurses and staff of government hospitals, and workers in local and national government agencies, etc. — will be getting an automatic salary adjustment this 2022 under ... Read more
blank

PSE Trading Hours in 2022: What time open, when closed?

Before you take the plunge into stock trading and investing, make sure you understand what stocks are and how the Philippine Stock Exchange (PSE) operates. Unlike other investments that are relatively safe, stock trading is risky and loss of money is a possibility. So before you deep dive into the exciting world of stock trading, ... Read more

Price Floor and Price Ceiling of PSE Stocks

Trading bands in the PSE come in two forms: Price Ceiling, or the upper price limit, and Price Floor, or the lower price limit.

3 thoughts on “A(H1N1) SWINE FLU symptoms, prevention, treatment”

  1. Nice informative post about swine flu. I do not worry sabi kasi it can not be acquired through prok or pork products at di naman ako mahlig mag karne. Vegie rules whehehe.

    Reply
  2. My superior instructed us to search for web pages that debate armer26p after i unintentionally uncovered your site and experience ALIEN SPACESHIPS TO Assault EARTH IN NOVEMBER 2012!. I am seriously impressed with the outstanding put up!

    Reply

Leave a Comment