Best Forestry Schools in the Philippines

James Ryan Jonas

Forests are a source of resources, about as much a home for numerous fauna and flora. Thus, in a world where pollution and environment degradation are rampant, the conservation and management of forests is an important task. The development and improvement of processes involved in conserving and managing forests is the primary job of a forester.

Professional Foresters Licensure Exam

In the Philippines, licensed and registered Foresters are called to perform the following tasks, among others:

  • Supervise and protect numerous plant and animal life in the forest;
  • Develop innovations in utilizing forest resources;
  • Conceptualize projects for the improvement, development, preservation, and maintenance of forests.

The Foresters’ Licensure Examination is conducted once every year, with the two previous exams occurring in September.

If the job piques your interest and you are considering to be a Forester soon, take note that the following topics are some of the ones included in the Foresters’ Licensure Examination:

  • Forest Dendrology
  • Forest Entomology
  • Utilizing Forest Products
  • Sustainability and Development
  • Forest Biometry, Mensuration and Inventory

To pass the Professional Foresters’ Board Exam, the examinee must obtain a passing mark of at least 75% in the exam.

Scope and Coverage of the Foresters’ Licensure Exam

    1. Forest Botany
      1. Cellular Structure
      2. Vegetative and Reproductive Characteristics of Plants
      3. Morphology and Anatomy of Plants
    2. Dendrology
      1. Classification of Forest Plants
      2. Plant Geography
      3. Gross Morphology
      4. Key to Identification
      5. Nomenclature
    3. Forest Ecology
      1. Basic Ecological Principles
      2. Forest and Other Ecosystems
      3. Hydrologic Cycle
      3.1 Evapotranspiration
      3.2 Precipitation
      3.3 etc.
      4. Ground Water
      5. Discharge of rivers/streams
      6. Forest influences (climate, soil, man, etc.)
    4. Forest Soils
      1. Soil Formation (parent material, climate, topography, living organism, time)
      2. Soil Profile/Horizons
      3. Soil Classification (categories, soil orders)
      4. Soil Properties, (biological, physical, chemical)
      5. Soil Moisture Content
      6. Soil and Water Conservation
    5. Three Physiology
      1. Tree Growth and Processes (photosynthesis, respiration, translocation)
      2. Primary and Secondary growth
      3. Shoot and Crown Development (shoot growth, crown shape/development, patterns of
      4. Flowering, Fruiting and seed production
      5. Tree Nutrition
    6. Forest Entomology
      1. Classification of Insects
      2. Beneficial and Harmful Insects
      3. Insect Infestation
      4. Preventive and Control Measure
      4.1 Biological
      4.2 Physical
      4.3 Mechanical
      4.4 Chemical
    7. Forest Pathology
      1. Diseases in Plants (signs, symptoms, classification)
      2. Parasitism (infection, resistance susceptibility, pathogenicity, etc.)
      3. Pathogenesis/disease development (influence of environment on parasites, host etc.)
      4. Pathogens (bacteria, virus, fungi, etc.)
      5. Principles and Methods of Control
    8. Forest Biodiversity
      1. Wildlife (Flora and Fauna)
      2. Classes of Wildlife
      3. Wildlife Food and Feeding Habits
      4. Economically important species
      5. Rare/endangered species
      6. Wildlife Laws, Rules and Regulations
    9. Forest Genetics and Tree Improvement
      1. Genetic Concepts and Principles
      2. Basic Concepts of Tree Improvement
      3. Methods of Tree Improvement
      4. Practical Applications and Returns
    1. Wood Structure and Identification
      1. Basic Principles and concepts of the identification of commercial and lesser-used
      Philippine woods.
      2. Anatomical properties of wood
    2. Wood Physics and Mechanics
      1. Physical properties of wood
      2. Theories and practice of wood physics
      3. Strength of wood materials on various sectoral exposures
      4. Strength of wood materials on various types of stresses
    3. Wood Seasoning and Preservation
      1. Wood Chemistry
      1.1 Basic principles and concept of wood chemistry
      1.2 Wood chemistry and its effects to the machining properties, structural strengths
      and resistance to various degrees of stresses and temperature
      1.3 Economics of chemical wood extracts
      2. Wood Seasoning
      2.1 Theories and practice of wood seasoning
      2.2 Various methods of seasoning
      2.3 Control of moisture content
      2.4 Effect of moisture on dimensional changes
      2.5 Economic aspect of wood seasoning
      3. Wood Preservation
      3.1 Principles and concept of wood preservation
      3.2 Factors affecting destruction and decay of wood
      3.3 Methods of preservation and control
      3.4 Fire proofing
      3.5 Penetrability of various species to chemical preservation
      3.6 Economic aspect of wood treatment
    4. Forest Products Utilization
      1. General Lumbering and Wood Processing
      1.1 Basic Principles and concepts of lumbering
      1.2 Purpose and elements of lumbering
      1.3 Forest products processing
      1.3.1 Sawmilling Techniques
      1.3.2 Processing of forest products residues
      1.4 Recovery and Productivity of Forest Products
      2. Veneer and Plywood
      3. Pulp and Paper
      4. Wood Composite
      5. Species suitability for various products
      6. Economic aspects of Forest Products Utilization
    5. Utilization of Non-Timber Forest Products
      1. Principles in processing utilization of non-timber forest products
      1.1 Rattan
      1.2 Bamboo
      1.3 Fibers substitutes
      1.4 Others (Vines, etc.)
      2. Economics and Valuation Aspects of Non-timber Forest Products
    1. Forest History, Policy and Administration
      1. History of Forestry in the Philippines
      2. Constitutional Provisions
      3. Revised Forestry Code
      4. Forestry Legislation
      5. Presidential Proclamations
      5.1 Decrees
      5.2 LOIs
      5.3 DAOs
      5.4 Executive Orders
    2. Social Forestry and Extension
      1. Goals, Basic Elements and Principles
      2. Definition of Terms
      3. Importance of Forest Management and Protection
      4. Community Forestry Programs
      5. Extension, Principles and Strategies
      6. Agroforestry
    3. Forest Protection
      1. Forest Rehabilitation/Restoration of Forestlands
      2. Conservation/Preservation of Wilderness Area
      3. Law Enforcement
      4. Problems/Strategies
      5. Forest Degradation and Causes
    4. Environment and Sustainable Development
      1. Concept of Sustainable Development
      2. Environmental Problems
      3. Environmental Problem Analysis
      4. Designing of Environmental Solutions and Actions
    5. Professional Ethics and Values
    1. Forest Biometry, Mensuration and Inventory
      1. Basic statistical concepts
      2. Sampling Techniques
      3. Methods and Applications of Timber Inventory Methods
      4. Definition of Terms
      5. Volume Estimates
      6. Site Quality Estimation
      7. Growing Stocks
      8. Stand Density
      9. Remote Sensing, GIS, aerial photo-interpretation
    2. Forest Management
      1. History and Foundation
      2. Principles and Concepts
      3. Development, Goals and Objectives
      4. Definition of Terms
      5. Allowable cut determination
      6. Cut Allocation and Scheduling
      7. Forest Operation Planning
      8. Integrated Forest Management Plan
      9. Regulation of Forest Stands
      10. Forest Management Planning
      11. Problem Solving
    3. Forest Economics and Finance
      1. Principles and Concepts
      2. Simple and Compound Interest
      3. Present Value of Cash Flow
      4. Criteria for Financial Investment Analysis
      4.1 NPV
      4.2 IRR
      4.3 B/C/Ratio
      4.4 Payback period
      5. Market Structure
      5.1 Production, Cost and Supply
      5.2 Shadow market prices
      5.3 Stumpage Valuation
      5.4 Demand and Supply Analysis
      5.5 Forest/Land rent
      5.6 Forest Rotation
      5.7 Problem solving
    4. Range Management
      1. Definition of Terms
      2. Factors Affecting the Grassland Ecosystem
      3. Nutrient Cycling in Grassland
      4. Ecology in Grassland
      5. Types of Grassland
      6. Management and Protection of Grassland
      7. Succession in Rangelands
      8. Problem Solving
      8.1 Determination of Animal Unit
      8.2 Grazing Capacity
      8.3 Grazeable areas
    5. Multiple Use Forestry
      1. Principles and Concepts
      2. Definition of Terms
      3. Ecosystems Approaches
      4. Sustainable Yield
      5. Primary and Secondary Uses
      6. Application and Problems
      7. Watershed Management
      8. Harmonization of Objectives
    6. Silvicultural Methods/Systems
      1. Objectives
      2. Regeneration methods
      2.1 Purpose
      2.2 Types and Applications
      2.3 Advantages and Disadvantages
      3. Intermediate Treatments Management and Protection
      3.1 Objectives
      3.2 Methods and types
      3.3 Effects on Stand Growth and Yield
      4. Forest Harvesting
      4.1 Felling and Bucking
      4.2 Tools and Devices
      4.3 Minor Log Transport
      4.4 Major Log Transport
      5. Silvicultural Practices
      5.1 Philippine Selective Logging
      5.2 Clear cutting
      5.3 Seed tree and its variation
      5.4 Shelterwood
      5.5 Coppice
    7. Forest Nursery
      1. Propagating Structures
      2. Propagating Media
      3. Propagating Techniques
      4. Nursery Management
    8. Forest Plantation
      1. Site preparation and Establishment
      2. Seedling Preparation
      3. Intermediate Treatments (clearing, weeding, etc.)
      4. Plantation Management

Which schools produce the highest number of Professional Foresters every year? We looked at previous Foresters’ Licensure Examination results to find out the schools with the highest Professional Foresters’ Board Exam passing rates. Hope you find this information useful!

Best Forestry Schools in the Philippines

Category 1: Forestry Schools with more than 100 examinees

1Saint Peter's College - Iligan CityIligan City96%3233
1Kolehiyo ng Lungsod ng LipaLipa City96%2526
2St. Michael's College of Iligan CityIligan City94%3335
3Father Saturnino Urios UniversityButuan City 93%4144
4Notre Dame of Marbel University Koronadal City91%2123
5Holy Child College of ButuanButuan City 90%4651
6Saint Mary's UniversityBayombong88%6776
7Cagayan State University - Piat CampusPiat87%5158
8Angeles University FoundationAngeles City83%8096
8Saint Louis College - City of San FernandoSan Fernando City83%2631
9University of Pangasinan PHINMA Education NetworkDagupan City82%28
9Saint Michael College of CaragaNasipit82%1923
10St. Mary's College of TagumTagum City81%3138
11La Salle University OzamizOzamiz City80%1721
12St. Thomas More School of Law and Business Tagum City79%1924
13Emilio Aguinaldo College in ManilaManila78%6380
14Cor Jesu CollegeDigos City76%7396
14Cagayan State University - Sanchez Mira CampusSanchez Mira76%5977
14Criminal Justice CollegeMuntinlupa City76%2634
15Sumulong College of Arts and SciencesAntipolo City75%3952
16Batangas State University - NasugbuNasugbu74%4662
16Central Luzon College of Science and TechnologyOlongapo City74%2027
17Laguna State Polytechnic University - San Pablo CampusSan Pablo City73%5879
17Gingoog City Junior CollegeGingoog City73%4156
17Asia Pacific College of Advanced StudiesBalanga City73%2230
17College of Subic MontessoriOlongapo City73%1926
17Lanao School of Science and TechnologyMaranding73%1115
18San Sebastian College - Recoletos de CaviteCavite City72%2940
19Jose Rizal Memorial State University - SioconSiocon71%3346
20Cagayan State University - Aparri CampusAparri70%6390
20Misamis University - Oroquieta CityOroquieta City 70%4868
20Westmead International SchoolBatangas City70%1420
21Baguio Central University Baguio City69%6898
22Isabela State University - Angadanan CampusAngadanan68%4972
22Filamer Christian UniversityRoxas City 68%2029
23Lyceum Northwestern UniversityDagupan City67%2334
24John Paul CollegeRoxas66%3857
24Saint Louis College of BulanaoTabuk City66%3857
24Meycauayan CollegeMeycauayan City 66%1827
25Foundation UniversityDumaguete City65%3046
26Kalinga State UniversityTabuk City 64%5281
26International School of Asia and the PacificPeñablanca64%5077
26Siquijor State CollegeLarena64%3859
26Alpha Centauri Educational SystemLucena City64%2031
27Mater Dei CollegeTubigon63%5383
27University of Perpetual Help System DALTA in Las PiñasLas Piñas63%3657
28University of Nueva CaceresNaga City62%3454
28Amando Cope CollegeTabaco City 62%2540
29Holy Name University Tagbilaran City61%3760
29Systems Plus College FoundationAngeles City61%2134
30Liceo de Cagayan UniversityCagayan de Oro60%3964
30Olivarez CollegeParanaque City60%2338

Category 2: Forestry Schools with 100 and below examinees

1Cavite State University - Indang CampusIndang96%109113
2Kings Colleges of the PhilippinesLa Trinidad92%172186
3Tarlac State UniversityTarlac City83%135161
3Data Center College of the Philippines of Laoag CityLaoag City83%114137
3Capitol UniversityCagayan de Oro83%88105
4Universidad de ManilaManila82%131158
5Southern Leyte State University SogodSogod79%143179
6Holy Angel University Angeles City75%89118
7Pamantasan ng Lungsod ng MarikinaMarikina City74%75101
8Innovative College of Science and Information Technology Bongabong73%96130
8De La Salle University DasmariñasDasmariñas City73%76103
9Christian Polytechnic Institute of CatanduanesVirac71%92128
10Misamis UniversityOzamiz City70%72102
11Isabela State UniversityEchague67%121179
11Ifugao State University - Potia CampusPotia67%79117
12Quirino State CollegeDiffun66%68102
13Veritas College of IrosinIrosin65%74113
14University of Cebu - Lapu Lapu and Mandaue CampusMandaue City64%93144
14University of Mindanao - Digos CollegeDigos City64%72111
15Batangas State UniversityBatangas City62%89142
16Saint Joseph Institute of TechnologyButuan City61%107175
17Manuel S. Enverga University FoundationLucena City60%120199
17Romblon State UniversityOdiongan60%108178
17Southern Philippines CollegesCagayan de Oro60%106176

Note: The tables above only rank the passing rates of First-time takers; repeaters are not included in the passing rate. All figures are based on the four (4) previous Foresters’ Licensure Examination, specifically the ones held in September during the years 2017 and 2016, August in the year 2015, and July in the year 2014.

Source: PRC Philippines (

James Ryan Jonas teaches business management, investments, and entrepreneurship at the University of the Philippines (UP). He is also the Executive Director of UP Provident Fund Inc., managing and investing P3.2 Billion ($56.4 Million) worth of retirement funds on behalf of thousands of UP employees.