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The cities of Makati, Tagaytay, and Pasig are the top three cities in the Philippines in terms of per capita income in 2009, while the cities of Bayawan (Negros Oriental), San Fernando (Pampanga), and San Jose Del Monte (Bulacan) are the bottom-dwellers. This is according to a May 2012 report by the National Statistical Coordination Board (NSCB).

Per capita income refers to the total income earned divided by the city’s total population. In a sense, the figures show how effective and efficient the local government unit (LGU) is in producing income.

True, LGUs are not in the business of making money, but the data show how efficient (or inefficient) they are in using their Internal Revenue Allotment (IRA) — or budget allocated to them by the national government — and how productive their initiatives are in generating economic activity in their city.

The top 10 Philippine cities with the highest per capita income are as follows. The average per capita income of the Philippines, considering all cities, is only P3,951.

Top 10 Cities in the Philippines with Highest Per Capita Income

Rank City Region 2009 Per Capita Income (in PHP)
- PHILIPPINES (AVERAGE)   3,951
1 MAKATI CITY NCR 16,535
2 TAGAYTAY CITY IV-A 10,061
3 PASIG CITY NCR 8,816
4 SAN JUAN CITY NCR 7,367
5 PARANAQUE CITY NCR 7,197
6 OLONGAPO CITY III 7,191
7 MANDALUYONG CITY NCR 6,944
8 MUNTINLUPA CITY NCR 6,791
9 SANTIAGO CITY II 6,549
10 STA. ROSA CITY IV-A 6,518

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As expected, Makati City, as the primary business district in the country, registered the highest per capita income with P16,535 — almost four times the national average.

Popular tourist destination Tagaytay City is second, with per capita income of P10,061.

Pasig City, location of the Ortigas Business District, is third with P8,816 per capita income.

Other Metro Manila cities with their own business districts, such as Quezon City, Manila, and Taguig, are conspicuously absent from the Top 10 per capita income list but are still money-makers overall.

Quezon City, for example, is actually the No.1 city in terms of total income, posting a huge P10.3 billion income in 2009. Manila is No. 3 while Taguig City (location of The Fort Global City) is No. 10 in the total income list. Despite huge total incomes, these cities have low per capita income because of the large number of their population.

Top 10 Cities in the Philippines with Highest Total Income

Rank City Region 2009 Total Income (in PHP)
- PHILIPPINES   131,374,897,012
1 QUEZON CITY NCR 10,327,808,344
2 MAKATI CITY NCR 8,948,823,032
3 MANILA CITY NCR 8,861,500,919
4 PASIG CITY NCR 5,111,761,347
5 DAVAO CITY XI 4,263,887,293
6 CEBU CITY VII 4,087,578,638
7 CALOOCAN CITY NCR 3,740,372,305
8 PARANAQUE CITY NCR 3,716,615,016
9 MUNTINLUPA CITY NCR 2,957,347,199
10 TAGUIG CITY NCR 2,934,107,172

Taxes, such as local government taxes, business registration, real property taxes, and others, remain to be the cities’ primary source of revenue. In the case of Quezon City, taxes comprise 64% of the city’s total income. Makati City gets 84% of its total income from taxes, while the share of taxes in Manila City’s total income is 46%.

The Top 10 Philippine cities with highest tax revenues are as follows.

Top 10 Cities in the Philippines with Highest Tax Revenues

Rank City Region 2009 Total Tax Revenues (in PHP)
- PHILIPPINES   49,251,757,173
1 MAKATI CITY NCR 7,489,585,749
2 QUEZON CITY NCR 6,581,436,897
3 MANILA CITY NCR 4,045,248,190
4 PASIG CITY NCR 3,096,420,007
5 PARANAQUE CITY NCR 1,604,650,009
6 PASAY CITY NCR 1,603,574,872
7 MANDALUYONG CITY NCR 1,455,984,450
8 CALOOCAN CITY NCR 1,350,464,080
9 CEBU CITY VII 1,344,992,518
10 DAVAO CITY XI 1,298,467,466

While most Metro Manila cities enjoy high incomes, those from the Visayas and Mindanao suffer from poor incomes and low tax collection.

Bottom 10 Cities in the Philippines in Terms of Per Capita Income

Rank City Region 2009 Per Capita Income (in PHP)
- PHILIPPINES (AVERAGE)   3,951
134 BAYAWAN CITY (NEGROS ORIENTAL) VII 1,114
133 SAN FERNANDO CITY (PAMPANGA) III 1,298
132 SAN JOSE DEL MONTE CITY (BULACAN) III 1,707
131 CARCAR CITY (CEBU) VII 1,738
130 CAVITE CITY IV-A 2,026
129 TALISAY CITY (CEBU) VII 2,080
128 MALABON CITY NCR 2,111
127 CATBALOGAN CITY (SAMAR) VIII 2,133
126 GUIHULNGAN CITY (NEGROS ORIENTAL) VII 2,137
125 CAGAYAN DE ORO CITY X 2,163

Bottom 10 Cities in the Philippines in Terms of Total Income

Rank City Region 2009 Total Income (in PHP)
- PHILIPPINES   131,374,897,012
134 EL SALVADOR CITY (MISAMIS ORIENTAL) X 122,847,003
133 BAYAWAN CITY (NEGROS ORIENTAL) VII 132,509,872
132 BOGO CITY (CEBU) VII 170,627,839
131 TANDAG CITY (SURIGAO DEL CUR) CARAGA 173,679,970
130 LAMITAN CITY (BASILAN) ARMM 175,890,565
129 BATAC CITY (ILOCOS NORTE) I 180,778,686
128 CARCAR CITY (CEBU) VII 190,821,440
127 TAYABAS CITY (QUEZON) IV-A 198,623,702
126 PALAYAN CITY (NUEVA ECIJA) III 203,658,566
125 GUIHULNGAN CITY (NEGROS ORIENTAL) VII 212,200,270

Bottom 10 Cities in the Philippines in Terms of Tax Revenues

Rank City Region 2009 Tax Revenues (in PHP)
- PHILIPPINES   49,251,757,173
134 GUIHULNGAN CITY (NEGROS ORIENTAL) VII 3,795,869
133 PALAYAN CITY (NUEVA ECIJA) III 4,221,669
132 LAMITAN CITY (BASILAN) ARMM 4,756,089
131 CANLAON CITY (NEGROS ORIENTAL) VII 4,882,848
130 TANGUB CITY (MISAMIS OCCIDENTAL) X 5,341,807
129 BORONGAN CITY (EASTERN SAMAR) VIII 6,705,784
128 DAPITAN CITY (ZAMBOANGA DEL NORTE) IX 7,291,720
127 TABUK CITY (KALINGA) CAR 7,399,452
126 ISABELA CITY IX 8,694,701
125 SIPALAY CITY (NEGROS OCCIDENTAL) VI 10,133,726

The NSCB report puts forward several recommendations that can help bridge the gap between best-performing and worst-performing cities in the country. According to the NSCB:

  1. Some cities should share their savings (either in the form of loans or grants) to other “poorer” cities.
  2. LGUs should learn from the best practices of the better-performing cities in terms of tax collection, income generation, and economic initiatives.
  3. Economic activities in “richer” cities should be taxed higher than those in “poorer” cities.

This report is a commendable move on the part of the NSCB and should serve as a wake-up call to leaders of LGUs who lag behind their counterparts and to the national government which must strive to achieve a sustainable and equitable distribution of wealth among all Filipinos.

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  • sev

    good morning. i browsed through the NSCB website and couldn’t find the report on city-level per capita income. can you please share the link ? or is this a report that is purchased from the NSCB ? if so, can you please provide me with the specific title of the report ? thank you very much !

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  • Ge Marie

    Good morning. do you have the link on statistical income per year in Davao City? covered 2009 up to this present? if you have, will you please share it to me? just for my report in our class . Thank you very much .

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