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Stocks, Mutual Funds, Forex, Finance Philippines

Before you take the plunge into stock trading and investing, make sure you understand what stocks are and how stock trading operates. Unlike other investments that are relatively safe, stock trading is generally risky and loss of money is a possibility. So if you want a primer and tutorial on stocks, head over to PinoyMoneyTalk’s Guide to Stock Trading and Investing.

For a short digest on stock trading, especially intended for beginner and amateur stock investors, continue reading below.

What are stocks?

Shares of stocks represent ownership in a company. As a stockholder, you are a part-owner of a company. As part-owner, you get certain rights, including the right to vote and the right to receive dividends when distributed by the company.

How do I make money in stocks?

You can make money through capital appreciation (or the change in price when stocks are traded), cash and stock dividends, and stock rights. These stock profits are explained further in the article How can I earn from the stock market?

What is the minimum amount needed to invest in stocks?

Every stock trading move is guided by the Board Lot. The Board Lot shows the minimum number of shares that you can buy or sell at any time. The cost of these minimum shares represent your minimum investment in stocks. However, in order to trade using a broker, some brokers require a certain amount before you can open an account with them. Click here for a comparison of minimum money required to trade using various online stockbrokers in the Philippines.

What time can I trade stocks in the Philippines?

Starting January 2, 2012, trading hours in the Philippine Stock Exchange (PSE) are as follows:

  • 9:00 a.m. to 9:29 a.m. — Pre-Open
  • Stock trading orders can already be entered but no matching will occur yet
  • 9:30 a.m. — Market Open
  • Start of order matching and stock trading
  • 9:31 a.m. to 11:59 a.m. — Continuous Trading
  • Regular stock trading hours; orders are continuously accepted, processed, and matched by the PSE
  • 12:00 noon to 1:29 p.m. — Market Recess
  • Market is closed for 1 and 1/2 hours, with no ordering and matching allowed
  • 1:30 p.m. — Trading Resumption
  • Trading in the stock market resumes in the afternoon
  • 1:31 p.m. to 3:16 p.m. — Continuous Trading
  • Regular stock trading hours; orders are continuously accepted, processed, and matched by the PSE
  • 3:17 p.m. to 3:19 p.m. — Pre-Close
  • Stock closing prices are set, and orders posted cannot be cancelled or modified anymore
  • 3:20 p.m. to 3:29 p.m. — Run-off / Trading-at-last
  • Remaining orders are matched at a fixed price determined during the Market Pre-Close
  • 3:30 p.m. to 8:59 a.m. the next day — Market Close
  • Market is closed with no order posting and matching occurring, but some brokers may accept after-hour orders to be processed the next day

Prior to 2012, from October to December 2011, the Philippine Stock Exchange had a trial run of its extended trading hours from 9:30 a.m. until 1 p.m.

Stocks, Mutual Funds, Forex, Finance Philippines

Before that, PSE trading hours were for a mere 2 and 1/2 hours, from 9:30 a.m. until 12:10 p.m.

Read the history of the PSE trading hours in the articles PSE trading schedule (before October 2011) and PSE trading hours extended until 1 p.m.

How can I learn more about stock trading in the Philippines?

You can start by reading our many articles on Stock Trading Guide in the Philippines.

If you need guidance regarding what stocks to buy, target prices of stocks, and Buy/Hold/Sell recommendations from the country’s leading brokers, consider subscribing to the PinoyInvestor Stocks Report.

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